ImmuNet: Improved immunizations through cellular network technology

Project Summary

Providing immunization, especially in developing regions, is an important problem that can benefit from recent technological improvements in attaining more effective distribution mechanisms. ImmuNet is a system that is specifically designed for improved distribution of immunizations to infants and children under the age of five years. ImmuNet utilizes cellular network technology and allows rapid determination of immune status; reliable updates of vaccination records; and quick, targeted dissemination of vaccination availability in rural regions. ImmuNet is a multifaceted approach for harnessing existing, unmodified cell phones; for tracking human behavior to aid in rapid, prioritized immunization; for correlating up-to-date vaccine status of all persons in a coverage area; and for disseminating vaccination-related information to patients through local voice and data cellular connectivity. 



Mariya Zheleva
Ceren Budak
Arghyadip Paul
Biyang Liu


Prof. Elizabeth Belding
Prof. Amr El Abbadi

ImmuNet Architecture

Immunet consists of two interoperable components: a cellular network and a database. We utilize a low cost local cellular network infrastructure called VillageCell that provides basic local voice and text messaging functionality for free. A key part of ImmuNet is a database called VaccStore that stores personal biometric and identification data for each patient, as available, and their immunization status. Based on this data, the system provides prompt dissemination of information for vaccine availability and schedules in the form of text messages.  Furthermore, VaccStore periodically polls VillageCell for user mobility information. Using this mobility information, ImmuNet builds a social graph of human interactions and based on this graph, a heat-map of possible disease spread. 


Mariya Zheleva, Ceren Budak, Arghyadip Paul, Biyang Liu, Elizabeth M. Belding, and Amr El Abbadi
ImmuNet: Improved immunization of children and infants through cellular network technology, In submission